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What Happens If You Don't Shear an Alpaca?

An Alpaca Looking Over A Fence

Alpacas, with their unique personalities and adorable fluffy coats, have become popular not only on farms but also in the hearts of animal lovers worldwide. Alpacas are renowned for their soft, hypoallergenic fiber, making them excellent additions to any fiber farm. However, caring for an alpaca involves more than just providing food and shelter. One crucial aspect of alpaca husbandry is regular shearing. 

In this blog post, we'll explore the consequences of neglecting to shear an alpaca and why this task is essential for the health and well-being of these charming creatures.

The Basics of Alpaca Shearing

Alpacas, even more so than their close relatives, llamas, possess a thick coat of fleece that grows continuously throughout the year. Shearing is the process of removing this fleece, typically performed annually, to prevent the fiber from becoming too long and matted. Unlike other domesticated animals, alpacas don’t naturally shed their fiber, so human intervention is necessary to maintain their health.

Consequences of Neglecting Shearing

Overheating and Stress

Alpacas are native to the high-altitude regions of the Andes, where temperatures can vary but where cooler temperatures prevail. Their fleece serves as natural insulation, providing warmth in cold weather and moisture-wicking properties to stay cooler in the heat when the fiber is short enough. But without proper shearing, alpacas are at risk of overheating, especially in warmer climates. Their fiber is just too insulating for too many hot days when they have a full fleece. Overheated alpacas can experience stress, exhaustion, and even serious health issues such as heatstroke or even death.

Matting and Skin Conditions

As the fleece continues to grow, it becomes more prone to matting. Matted fiber can trap moisture close to the skin, creating an inviting environment for bacterial and fungal growth. This can lead to skin infections, dermatitis, and other dermatological issues that compromise the alpaca's overall well-being. Additionally, mats can be uncomfortable and even painful for the animals, restricting their movement.

Weight and Mobility Issues

An alpaca's fleece can constitute a significant portion of its body weight. Without regular shearing, the weight of the fleece can become burdensome, affecting the alpaca's mobility. Overgrown fleece may lead to muscle atrophy and joint problems, making it difficult for the animal to move freely. This, in turn, can impact their quality of life and predispose them to injuries and other long-term health issues.


In conclusion, shearing is a vital aspect of alpaca care that directly impacts their health, comfort, and overall quality of life. Neglecting this essential practice can lead to a myriad of issues, from overheating and stress to skin conditions and other health risks. Alpaca owners must prioritize regular shearing as part of their responsibility to ensure the well-being of these charming animals. By understanding the consequences of not shearing an alpaca, we can collectively contribute to the ethical and humane treatment of these unique creatures in our care. If you have alpacas in need of shearing, you should do your part to find alpaca shearing experts who service your area.


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